CKD273 demonstrates benefit of SGLT2 inhibition: link to reducing fibrosis
The effect of the sodium–glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitor Dapagliflozin was evaluated on the kidney-risk urinary proteomic classifier (CKD273) in persons with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and albuminuria.
In a double-blind, randomized, controlled, crossover trial, we assigned participants with T2D and urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) ≥30 mg/g to receive dapagliflozin or matching placebo added to guideline-recommended treatment (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02914691). Treatment periods lasted 12 weeks, when crossover to the opposing treatment occurred. The primary outcome was change in CKD273 score. Secondary outcomes included regression from high-risk to low-risk CKD273 pattern using the prespecified cutoff score of 0.154. The primary outcome was assessed using paired t test between end-to-end CKD273 scores after dapagliflozin and placebo treatment. The McNemar test was used to assess regression in risk category.
A total of 40 participants were randomized and 32 completed the trial with intact proteomic measurements. Twenty-eight (88%) were men, the baseline mean (SD) age was 63.0 (8.3) years, mean (SD) diabetes duration was 15.4 (4.5) years, mean HbA1c was 73 (14) mmol/mol (8.8% [1.3%]), and median (interquartile range) UACR was 154 (94, 329) mg/g. Dapagliflozin significantly lowered CKD273 score compared with placebo (−0.221; 95% CI −0.356, −0.087; P = 0.002). Fourteen participants exhibited a high-risk pattern after dapagliflozin treatment compared with 24 after participants placebo (P = 0.021).
Dapagliflozin added to renin-angiotensin system inhibition reduced the urinary proteomic classifier CKD273 in persons with T2D and albuminuria, paving the way for the further investigation of CKD273 as a modifiable kidney risk factor.
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